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Pole Metropolitain presentation

Pole Metropolitain presentation

Why a “Pole métropolitain” ?

Today, issues of economic development, transportation, planning of major infrastructure must be addressed on a metropolitain scale to better meet the needs of residents. The creation of “poles métropolitains” occurs in a context of metropolization of large urban territories linked to globalization. It is a way to become more visible and attractive in order to be more acknowledged on the scene of major European cities.

This is the reason why the cities of Lyon, Saint Etienne, Bourgoin-Jallieu and Vienne have created a “pole métropolitain” to ease the implementation of joint policies on the metropolitan area in the fields of economics, culture, town planning and transportation.

The set up of a “pole métropolitain” - a legal form created by the law of the 16th of December 2012 - is the final stage of an institutional cooperation initiated several years ago between the Grand Lyon, Saint-Etienne Metropole, CAPI Porte de l'Isère and ViennAgglo. It was officially formed on the 16th of April 2012.

The "Pole métropolitain" figures

  • 4 local authorities : Grand Lyon, Saint-Étienne Métropole, CAPI Porte de l'Isère et ViennAgglo
  • 140 cities, towns and villages
  • 1 600 square kilometers
  • 2 millions of residents (a third of the Rhône-Alpes region)
  • 1250 inhabitants/sq.km (average density in France : 97 inhabitants/sq.km – in Rhône-Alpes : 135 inhabitants/sq.km)
  • Half of the land covered by green spaces, green belts and farmlands
  • 1 million jobs
  • 120 000 students
  • 11 500 researchers

The "Pole métropolitain" fields

The “Pole métropolitain” is active in the following fields:

  • Mobility and transportation / infrastructure development and transport services
  • Economic development , promotion of innovation, research and higher education
  • Space planning
  • Culture, tourism